Background/Aims: The goal of this study was to monitor tuberculosis (TB)-specific T-cell responses in cerebrospinal f luid-mononuclear cells (CSF-MCs) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in patients with tuberculous meningitis (TBM) over the course of anti-TB therapy.
Methods: Adult pati..
Background/Aims: We examined the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) production and the impact of ESBL on clinical outcomes in cancer patients with Enterobacter spp. bacteremia. Methods: Using prospective cohort data on Enterobacter bacteremia obtai..
Background/Aims: To enable appropriate antimicrobial treatment for community-
onset infections in emergency departments (EDs), data are needed on the
resistance profiles of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, which are the main
pathogens of community-onset bacteremia.
Methods: Records we..
The high mortality attributable to persistent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia in spite of glycopeptide treatment has heightened the need for early detection and intervention with alternative agents. The purpose of t..
Vaccines against fungal diseases are gaining attention because of their growing impact on modern medicine. Development of these vaccines should incorporate immunological tools that integrate with or replace chemotherapy to minimize antibiotic use and consequent resistance. In this review, we eval..
Traditional biomarkers, including C-reactive protein, leukocytes, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and clinical signs and symptoms, are not sufficiently sensitive or specific enough to guide treatment decisions in infectious febrile diseases. Procalcitonin (PCT) is synthesized by a large number of..