1. Evaluation and monitoring of the treatment response in patients with intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is important. 2. The ratio of the tumor maximum standardized uptake value (SUV) to the liver mean SUV was the only significant independent factor for both progression-free survival and overall survival. 3. 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography for evaluating tumor progression and survival in patients with intermediate-stage HCC treated by transarterial chemoembolization is usefulness.
1. A possible link between asymmetric dimethylarginine levels and poor sleep quality (SQ) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 2. It provides insight into the mechanism(s) by which poor SQ and adverse health outcomes occur in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
1. The tuberculosis (TB) drug-resistance rate,
particularly that of multidrug-resistant TB,
remains high at a private referral hospital, and
the drug-resistance rate did not decrease significantly
from 2006 to 2013.
2. No remarkable difference in the drug-resistance
rate was observed between pulmonary tuberculosis
and extrapulmonary tuberculosis.
1. In immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN), plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (pNGAL) showed strong correlations with other clinical prognostic factors. 2. pNGAL may be useful as a potential predictor of prognosis for IgAN with other clinical parameters and also as a diagnostic indicator of tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis.
1. Advanced tubulointerstitial injury at baseline is associated with renal progression in patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). 2. Serum or urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels are well-known tubular biomarkers; however, in patients with IgAN, the levels of these markers do not represent advanced tubulointerstitial fibrosis. In addition, serum NGAL or urine NGAL/Cr levels could not predict renal progression. 3. In patients with IgAN, combined elevation of serum and urine NGAL levels successfully predicted renal progression. This finding implies that, a combination of these markers provides additive information on tubular process on the renal progression.
1. Elderly women with community-onset acute pyelonephritis have a higher level of serum C-reactive protein, a higher frequency of bacteremia, a higher proportion of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing uropathogens, and require longer hospitalization than non-elderly women. 2. Elderly women with acute pyelonephritis may not exhibit typical urinary infection signs and symptoms during the initial presentation.
1. The inflammatory markers erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein are not associated with radiographic progression of the lumbar spine in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). 2. Hip arthritis at presentation is a useful predictor of structural damage to the sacroiliac and hip joints in AS. 3. Peripheral arthritis, especially shoulder arthritis, might predict slower radiographic progression of the lumbar spine in AS.