1. Combining radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) to treat hepatocellular carcinoma may have a synergistic effect.
2. In this study, the treatment efficacy and safety of combination treatment was better than RFA or TACE monotherapy.
3. TACE + RFA combination treatment should be considered in suitable early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma patients.
1. Second primary cancers (SPC) were found in 6.6% of squamous esophageal cancer (EC) patients at initial staging work-ups; therefore, physicians should be aware of the co-existence of SPC with squamous EC.
2. Complementary staging with positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) plays a substantial role in the detection of synchronous SPC that were missed on conventional CT.
3. EC patients with SPC had poor survival due to the challenges in providing stage-appropriate treatment.
1. The bispectral index monitoring method doesn't seem like better than modified Observer’s Assessment of Alertness/Sedation Scale (MOAA/S) when the trained nurse monitored in moderate sedation.
2. The moderate sedative colonoscopy could be well performed by the trained nurse using MOAA/S even though the operator is less experienced.
1. Low-dose valsartan therapy reduced proteinuria significantly without causing any intolerability in normotensive immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) patients with minimal proteinuria and normal renal function.
2. To achieve an antiproteinuric effect, low-dose valsartan should be used for > 24 weeks in normotensive IgAN patients with minimal proteinuria.
1. Co-treatment of deferasirox and imatinib showed anti-leukemic effects against both imatinib- sensitive and imatinib-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia cells.
2. Anti-leukemic effects of deferasirox are due to induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest by down-regulated expression of nuclear factor-κB and β-catenin levels.
1. Acute appendicitis and familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) attack may be confused in emergency department and reliable markers to differentiate the two are required.
2. In this study, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio was significantly higher in patients with acute appendicitis compared with those of FMF attack.
3. Prospective studies taking clinical presentation as well as several laboratory markers into account would provide additional clues to distinguish the two disorders.