1. The rate of initial hemostasis of gastric variceal obliteration (GVO) using N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBC) in patients with gastric variceal hemorrhages (GVH) was 97.1%. 2. Rebleeding occurred in 0.3% of patients within 1 week, 2.2% of patients within 2 weeks, 3.9% of patients within 4 weeks, 18.9% of patients within 6 months, and 27.6% of patients within 12 months of the GVO procedure. 3. The prophylactic use of proton pump inhibitors reduces rebleeding, but not bleeding-related death, after GVO using NBC in patients with GVH.
1. Combination therapy with oral udenaf il and aceclofenac was not effective for the prevention of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis in high-risk patients. 2. Supsected sphincter of Oddi dysfunction and endoscopic papillary balloon dilation without sphincterotomy were associated with post-ERCP pancreatitis.
1. About 30% of the subjects visiting hypertension clinic are misdiagnosed without using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring regardless of the antihypetensive medication status. 2. Masked hypertension or masked uncontrolled hypertension are not decreased in the patient with high or very high risk profile. 3. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring can be important tool to decrease the downstream cost of the misdiagnosis in hypertension management especially in high risk patients.
1. There were discrepancies between the modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) criterion and the current chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) assessment test (CAT) criterion to classify a patient into a symptom group. 2. A CAT score ≥ 15 versus < 15 was a good predictor of a mMRC grade ≥ 2 versus < 2 based on classification and regression tree analysis and area under the receiver operating curve. 3. A CAT score ≥ 15 versus < 15 was a better predictor of severe exacerbation of COPD than a CAT score ≥ 10 versus < 10.
1. Patients with nursing home-acquired pneumonia showed poorer outcomes and higher rates of potentially drug-resistant pathogens compared to those with community-acquired pneumonia. 2. Only the pneumonia severity index score was predictive of in-hospital mortality in elderly patients with pneumonia.
1. A total of 47% of type 2 diabetic patients with severe hypoglycemia exhibited electrolyte disturbances, with pure hypokalemia being the most common type. 2. A positive relationship between a decrease in serum potassium and a decrease in plasma glucose during severe hypoglycemia was observed. 3. Hypokalemia-associated with hypoglycemia was associated with tachycardia and severe hypertension during severe hypoglycemia.