1. In clinical practice, it is crucial to distinguishing alcohol basis from nonalcoholic basis of hepatic steatosis, as the diagnosis relates to the selection of treatment, priority for liver transplantation and organ allocation.
2. The alcoholic liver disease (ALD)/nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) index (ANI) scoring systems ability to identify ALD in patients with hepatic steatosis and NAFLD with high accuracy.
3. When ANI is combined with γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, its accuracy of differentiating diagnosis had been further improved.
1. In patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel coronary disease (MVD), multivessel revascularization (MVR) was not beneficial regarding major adverse cardiac event and was worse than culprit-only revascularization (COR) in terms of cardiac death and recurrent myocardial infarction during 1-year follow-up.
2. COR or staged MVR would be better treatment options than immediate MVR for patients with STEMI and MVD undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.
1. Electrocardiogram parameters, such as ST segment changes, or corrected QT (QTc) interval, could be useful to determine whether left ventricular dysfunction was recovered or not.
2. A continued QTc prolongation can be associated with increased risk of in-hospital mortality in patients with stress-induced cardiomyopathy.
1. Among 189 adult close contacts with active pulmonary tuberculosis patients, the positive rate for tuberculin skin test (TST) and QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFT-G) was approximately 40%.
2. Among 88 participants with latent tuberculosis infection, a high percentage of women, those with cavitary lesions on the chest radiographs of index cases, and those with positive TST and QFT-G accepted treatment.
1. Multidrug-resistant pathogens were isolated in healthcare-associated pneumonia patients requiring intensive care unit admission at intermediate rates between those of community-acquired pneumonia and hospital-acquired pneumonia.
2. There were no significant differences among type of pneumonia in the clinical outcomes, including mortality.
3. The mortality was associated with the acute physiologic pneumonia severity index score and treatment response.