The global burden of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is profound, and represents a public health threat as chronic infection can lead to liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death. The risk factors for chronic hepatitis B-related liver disease differ according to HBV endemicity, hepatiti..
In multiple myeloma (MM), the impaired function of several types of immune cells favors the tumor’s escape from immune surveillance and, therefore, its growth and survival. Tremendous improvements have been made in the treatment of MM over the past decade but cellular immunotherapy using dendritic..
About 21% of adults with osteoarthritis (OA) are diagnosed with concomitant depression in addition to chronic pain. Duloxetine, an anti-depressant medication, has been recently approved for managing Knee OA. We performed a systematic review to ascertain the efficacy and safety of duloxetine for OA. ..
Clinical research is the study of aspects of patient health or illness that are closely related to clinical practice. In the late 20th and early 21th century, outcomes for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) improved dramatically due to breakthroughs in new drugs. Patient-reported outcome measur..
Baek Gyu Jun, Eui Ju Park, Woong Cheul Lee, Jae Young Jang, Soung Won Jeong, Young Don Kim, Gab Jin Cheon, Young Sin Cho, Sae Hwan Lee, Hong Soo Kim, Yun Nah Lee, Sang Gyune Kim, Young Seok Kim, Boo Sung Kim
Korean J Intern Med. 2019;34(5):989-997. Published online March 14, 2018
Background/Aims: This study was conducted to clarify the sustained virological response (SVR) prediction ability of baseline and treatment-related factors in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.
Methods: This retrospective study collected data at four tertiary referral hospitals..
Background/Aims: Limited data are available regarding the association between age at menarche and the risk of colorectal adenoma. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between reproductive factors including age at menarche and the risk of colorectal adenoma.
Methods: A cross-sectional st..
Background/Aims: Irsogladine maleate, an enhancer of gastric mucosal protective factors, has demonstrated its efficacy for various gastric mucosal injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of irsogladine for prevention of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or..
Background/Aims: The eradication rate of the first-line triple therapy (a proton pump inhibitor, clarithromycin, and amoxicillin) for Helicobacter pylori infection has gradually decreased in Korea. We evaluated whether clinical parameters, clarithromycin resistance, and CYP2C19 genotype can affect t..
Ki Hong Choi, Ga Yeon Lee, Jin-Oh Choi, Eun-Seok Jeon, Hae-Young Lee, Sang Eun Lee, Jae-Joong Kim, Shung Chull Chae, Sang Hong Baek, Seok-Min Kang, Dong-Ju Choi, Byung-Su Yoo, Kye Hun Kim, Myeong-Chan Cho, Hyun-Young Park, Byung-Hee Oh
Korean J Intern Med. 2019;34(5):1030-1039. Published online October 16, 2018
Background/Aims: It is unknown whether different β-blockers (BBs) have variable effects on long-term survival of patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). This study compares the effects of two BBs, carvedilol and bisoprolol, on survival in patients with HFrEF.
Ah-Ra Choi, Myung Ho Jeong, Young Joon Hong, Seok-Joon Sohn, Hyun Yi Kook, Doo Sun Sim, Young Keun Ahn, Ki Hong Lee, Jae Yeong Cho, Young Jo Kim, Myeong Chan Cho, Chong Jin Kim; other Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry Investigators
Korean J Intern Med. 2019;34(5):1040-1049. Published online September 1, 2018
Background/Aims: Although cardiovascular (CV) risk factors are well established, some patients experience acute myocardial infarction (AMI) even without any risk factors.
Methods: We analyzed total 11,390 patients (63.6 ± 12.6 years old, 8,401 males) with AMI enrolled in Korea Acute Myocardial In..
Background/Aims: Peripheral eosinophilia during tuberculosis (TB) treatment is common, but has not been fully evaluated. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical significance of peripheral blood eosinophilia in patients undergoing anti-TB treatment.
Methods: We retrospecti..
Background/Aims: Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-f light mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is a new diagnostic tool for microorganism identification. The clinical usefulness of this approach has not been widely examined in Korea. This retrospective pre–post-intervention quasi-ex..
Background/Aims: The importance of α-cell dysfunction in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes has re-emerged recently. However, data on whether relative glucagon excess is present in clinical settings are scarce. We aimed to investigate associations between glucagon-to-insulin ratio and various meta..
Background/Aims: Evidence suggests that Shen-Kang (SK), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, protects against various types of renal injury. In this study, we evaluated whether SK treatment confers renoprotection in a rat model of chronic tacrolimus (TAC) nephropathy.
Methods: Rats were treated d..
Background/Aims: Membranous nephropathy (MN) is the most common primary glomerular disease diagnosed in older patients. Few reports describe the clinical outcomes in older patients with idiopathic MN.
Methods: The outcomes of 135 patients with histologically proven MN were analyzed. ‘Older’ was ..
Background/Aims: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the clinical activity of fulvestrant in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer (MBC) previously treated with endocrine therapy and/or chemotherapy..
Background/Aims: We investigated the efficacy and toxicity of a weekly schedule of docetaxel and cisplatin as a first-line treatment in patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (R/M HNSCC).
Methods: In this study, 18 patients with previously diagnosed R/M HNSCC we..
Background/Aims: Although crizotinib is standard chemotherapy for advanced anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), clinical factors affecting progression-free survival (PFS) have not been reported. The purpose of this study was to identify clinical factor..
Background/Aims: Limited data are available regarding the efficacy of rivaroxaban for the treatment of cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of rivaroxaban for the treatment of VTE in active cancer patients.
Methods: In th..
Background/Aims: Unlike Western countries, the 2009 pandemic influenza infection among pregnant women was reported as mild in a previous interim study in South Korea. However, several mortalities were reported thereafter, suggesting that nationwide data were lacking.
Methods: This case-control stud..
Background/Aims: To evaluate the treatment patterns of knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients in South Korea.
Methods: Using the Korean nationwide claims database, all knee OA patients in Korea during 2014 were identified by the knee OA diagnostic code (M17) or any OA diagnostic code (M15 to M19) in com..
Background/Aims: This study aimed to investigate the inf luence of poor sleep quality on clinical features of primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS).
Methods: Sleep quality was cross-sectionally assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and demographic, clinical, and laboratory data we..
Eun-Jung Rhee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim, Eun Young Lee, Byung Jin Kim, Eun Mi Kim, YoonJu Song, Jeong Hyun Lim, Hae Jin Kim, Seonghoon Choi, Min Kyong Moon, Jin Oh Na, Kwang-Yeol Park, Mi Sun Oh, Sang Youb Han, Junghyun Noh, Kyung Hee Yi, Sang-Hak Lee, Soon-Cheol Hong, In-Kyung Jeong; on behalf of the Committee of Clinical Practice Guideline of Korean Society of Lipid and Atherosclerosis
Korean J Intern Med. 2019;34(5):1171-1171. Published online August 28, 2019